The mathematics curriculum strives to awaken in the student not only the ability to think logically and critically, but also a feeling for the beauty, lawfulness and clarity of mathematics. The curriculum imparts the standard components of mathematical knowledge necessary for success in high school and beyond: arithmetic, fractions and decimals, percentages, measurement, algebra, ratios, geometry, number bases, and more.
In the earliest grades, the math curriculum is brought to the students through movement, singing, rhythmic games, imaginative representations of math concepts, and multi-sensory involvement. By the Upper Grades, the approach has become markedly more abstract, but the teacher still strives to give students a feel for the discipline being taught—to awaken their qualitative relationship to it. To this end, the teacher begins with an overview of the whole and proceeds to the parts.
At all grade levels, math is taught by the class teacher, who monitors student progress. Students who advance more rapidly are often given more challenging work, as well as the opportunity to help slower students perfect their skills. In addition to the teacher-led mode of instruction, students may work together in groups, take turns inventing math problems for the class to solve, test each other with flash cards, and so on.